The Spirit of Baljvine


At a first glance, it may appear naïve to discuss the possibilities for building killing-free societies in a country riddled with bullet holes and mortar shrapnel. To many, the Balkans in general and Bosnia and Herzegovina in particular suggest vivid accounts of people systematically exterminating each other under the leadership of a chorus of “butchers”. Such images reinforce the ideology of “innate depravity” (Fry, 2013) that supports individual attitudes and public policies that feed lethality while suppressing the evidence for violence prevention strategies. But the fact remains that the history of the Balkans, regardless of how historians present it and school history books disseminate it, is that of a diversity of people’s systematically not killing each other. Otherwise, this book—and many of the authors who have contributed to it—would probably not exist. This is what Adolf (2010: 14) argues in his essay on “nonkilling history” regarding the need to historicize what did not happen but makes the past, present and future possible: “the histories of nonkilling are the interpreted records of attempts and successes at or overcoming acts and systems of killing”. Without denying the horrors of the wars, many untold histories illustrate the previous observation. The village of Baljvine (Баљвине), currently part of Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzogovina, is one such example. Roughly divided half by half between Muslim Bosniaks and Orthodox Serbs, the whole community kept united and protected each other throughout the war, even facing VRS General Momir Talić when he visited in an attempt to stirr ethnic hatred (Arnautovic, 2010).1 By the end of the war, the mosque of Baljvine was the sole functioning and undamaged mosque in the territory of Republika Srpska, having been actively defended and preserved by the local Serb villagers (Walasek, 2015: 55). The persistence of traditional village communal institutions (such as the opstina) is mentioned among the factors that fostered cohesiveness in this community. 1 See “The Village the War Forgot” and “Baljvine – village where there was never been a war” [sic] . 218 Nonkilling Balkans As Sanja Garic reminds us in her chapter, in many other places of the Balkans people did not remain indifferent and decided to mobilize against the war. In December 1991 the Centar za Antiratnu (CAA, Center for Antiwar Action) was founded in Belgrade, organizing demonstrations and concerts under the slogan “Ne računajte na nas” (Don’t count on us!). Simmultaneously, Žene u crnom (Women in Black) organized vigils in Belgrade and supported draft resisters. Many other such groups operated during the war, including Antiratna Kampanja (ARK, Antiwar Campaign) in Zagreb, Suncokret (Sunflower) in Rijeka and the Centers for Peace and Nonviolence in Osijek and Karlovac (Jung, 2010: 174). Such antiwar movements are not something new in the Balkans, going to the active opposition to militarism, military budgets and aggressive expansionism during the early 20th c. by figures such as Dimitrije Tucović in the Serbian Parliament (Milenkovitch, 1985: 965). Going further back in time, the Bogomil Christians that left their stećak tombstones in the village of Baljvine as in hundreds of other villages across the Balkans, opposed feudal social stratification, government and refused to fight in wars of aggression, representing one the first nonkilling Christian revivals. As Runciman (1947: 68) explains: “true Bogomils were unwilling to shed blood”. Koozma Tarasoff’s chapter on the Doukhobors, a religious movement that is historically connected to the Bogomils, allows us a glimpse to some of their core values, that in many ways still persist among rural Balkan societies. Among these values is certainly that of defiance. The cultural and political atmosphere that Tjaša Ribizel describes as beginning to emerge in the late 1950s and 1960s in Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia, eventually led to the airing of previously unheard demands such as those for conscientious objection to military service (the Right to Refuse to Kill), publicly endorsed by the Socialist Youth Organization of Slovenia in 1986. The open debate on this issue in Ljubljana fostered the introduction of noncombatant alternative service and lighter sentences for those who continued to refuse to military service althoghether (Jung, 2010: 173). The first warnings and calls for nuclear disarmament came also from the Balkans, even before the bombing of Hiroshima in 1945, through the foresight of physicist and peace activist Ivan Supek. Later on he refused to participate in Yugoslavia’s attempt to join the nuclear arms race and in 1960 he founded the Institute for Philosophy of Science and Peace under the umbrella of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts and the international Pugwash movement. Supek also helped create the peace research focused Inter-University Center in Dubrobnik—with Johan Galtung as first Director—and issuing of the 1976 “Dubrovnik-Philadelphia Declaration”. The Spirit of Baljvine 219 If it was not for the “historic and current systemic bias of the disproportionate amount of attention given to violence and war” (Sponsel, 1996: 113- 114), recent decades in Balkans would also be recalled and studied for their unique movements of nonviolent civil resistence. The decade long (1989- 1999) Kosovo nonviolent struggle relentlessly applied civil disobedience and non-cooperation strategies, including the establishment of parallel institutions (government, schools, health system, etc.), until it was severely underminded by Western armed and trained Kosovo Liberation Army (Clark, 2001; Salla, 1995). In Serbia, it was Otpor! (Отпор!) that shifted the country’s politics through a well organized nonviolent movement, effectively bringing down Milošević’s rule in a two-year campaign (1998-2000). The documentary film “OTPOR! Bringing down a dictator”2 illustrates the movement’s succesful strategy that has inspired many other movements to embrace civil resistence around the world. (See CANVAS.3 ) These are just a few images from the Balkans nonkilling kaleidoscope that were explored in August 28-29, 2014, during the first Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum, held in Sarajevo. Other contributions featured in the book, such as those by Ingrida Grigaityte or Danica Borkovich, shed light on other peaceful and nonkilling aspects of Balkans culture. As the “Sarajevo Declaration for a Nonkilling Balkans” stated: “we seek to reinstate and celebrate our Common Nonkilling History and Balkan contributions to a peaceful killing-free world” also reminding ourselves and others that the fact that during the entire history of this region the vast majority of people, even in the course of war, have not killed and would not kill, leads us to uphold the principle of the right of every single person not to be killed and the right and responsibility of everyone not to kill. (…) The examples of multiethnic communities that renounced killing each other during wartime or were able to achieve true reconciliation in times of peace reinforce this view. “The Spirit of Baljvine” lies not only in those communities that were able to steer away fratricidal killing but also among those that, drawn into such violence in the past due to unfavorable contexts—such as being on the “wrong side” of the map—have been able to pull themselves toghether to reconcile and work toward brighther nonkilling futures. The Center for Global Nonkilling was extremely excited in 2014 to having extended its first Nonkilling Communities Flag and Award to the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac. The Flag and 2 Watch online at . 3 Center for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies . 220 Nonkilling Balkans Award seek to honor local governments and communities that have shown efforts to significantly reduce killing or that have become communities with no killing. From Bosanski Petrovac we also took the ensign of “The Tree of Life,” a traditional weaving pattern for Bosnian Kilim that is being recovered and that is represented as part of the cover design for this book. The publication of this collective volume under the title Nonkilling Balkans is another step toward the fulfillment of the goals set in the “Sarajevo Declaration” that should continue with the establishment of a permanent nonkilling structure involving local scholars, activists, public institutions, and others. The editors and authors of this book sincerely hope these contributions may continue to prepare the ground for the seed of a nonkilling Balkans to sprout.
Adolf, Antony (2010). “Preconditional, Didactic and Predictive Histories. An Introduction to Nonkilling History,” in Adolf, Antony, Ed., Nonkilling History. Shaping Policy with Lessons from the Past. Honolulu: Center for Global Nonkilling, pp. 13-25. Arnautovic, Marija (2010). “Bosnia: The Village Where Hate Never Triumphed,” TRI, 642. Available online at: . Clark, Howard (2001). Civil Resistance in Kosovo. London: Pluto Press. Fry, Douglas P. (2013). War, Peace, and Human Nature. The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views. New York: Oxford University Press. Jung, Martin (2010). “Peace Movements in the Balkans,” in Young, Nigel J., Ed., The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 173-175. Milenkovitch, Michael M, (1985). “Dimitrije Tucović,” in Josephson, Harold, Ed., Biographical Dictionary of Modern Peace Leaders. Westport: Greenwood Press, pp. 964-966. Runciman, Steven (1947). The Medieval Manichee: A Study of the Christian Dualist Heresy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Salla, Michael E. (1995) “Kosovo, Non-violence and the Break-up of Yugoslavia,” Security Dialogue, 26(4): 427-439. Sponsel, Leslie E. (1996). “The Natural History of Peace: A Positive View of Human Nature and its Potential,” in Gregor, Thomas A., Ed., The Natural History of Peace. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, pp. 95-125. Walasek, Helen (2015). “Destruction of the Cultural Heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Overview,” in Walasek, Helen, Ed., Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage. Surrey: Ashgate, pp. 23-142.

Joam Evans Pim
Center for Global Nonkilling

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The Electoral Agency for South-Eastern and Middle Europe, voted the mayor of Bosanski Petrovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Zlatko Hujić, as the best mayor of that country in the year of 2015.

On August of 2014, Center for Global Nonkilling and Nonkilling Balkans Forum announced Bosnian Municipality, Bosanski Petrovac, as the first Nonkilling Community and presented to mayor Hujic the first Nonkilling Community Flag and Award. The town of Bosanski Petrovac is located in the Una-Sana Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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The book “Nonkilling Balkans” published


New Book “Nonkilling Balkans” Published

December 2015. The Center for Global Nonkilling has just released its latest book Nonkilling Balkans, which includes an interdisciplinary collection of eleven essays that were presented at the First Nonkilling Balkans Forum, held in Sarajevo in August 2014. The book challenges existing preconceptions about the history and «nature» of the Balkans, and presents scientific, spiritual, and practical factors that predict success for the realization of killing-free societies in the Balkans.

The volume is a joint publication of CGNK and the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Sarajevo and is co-edited by Rifet Bahtijaragić, founder of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum, and CGNK Director Joám Evans Pim. A PDF version can be downloaded for free from CGNK’s website and paperback copies can be ordered at $15 from Create or

The 222 page volume includes the following texts:

– Foreword, by Glenn D. Paige
– Sarajevo Declaration for a Nonkilling Balkans
– Introduction: Nonkilling Civilizational Change in the Balkans, by Rifet Bahtijaragić
– Looking 100 Years Back and 100 Years Forward: Peacebuilding in the Balkans Region, by Ivana Milojević
– Humans as Conflict Managers Anthropological Overview of a Bosnian Muslim Community in Närpes, Finland, by Ingrida Grigaityte
– The Transformation from Holocaustic Intergenerational Trauma to Nonkilling Intergenerational Wisdom, by Danica Borkovich Anderson
– Building Peace: Confronting Representations of the Ethnically Other in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Media Space, by Sanja Garic-Komnenic
– “The Child is the Father to the Man”: Laying the Foundations for Nonkilling in Childhood, by Shelley Hymel, Lina Darwich and Reky Groendal
– Not Unlearning to Care Healthy Moral Development as a Precondition for Nonkilling, Eveline Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger
– Psychology of Nonkilling in Bosnia-Herzegovina Knowledge and Attitudes of Students Toward Nonkilling Culture, by Mirna Marković Pavlović, Sabina Alispahić and Amela Dautbegović
– Ljubljana Festival in the Early 1960s, by Tjaša Ribizel
– Doukhobor Nonkilling Legacy, by Koozma J. Tarasoff
– The Spirit of Baljvine, by Joám Evans Pim

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 November 2014. The participants of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum have just issued the final “Sarajevo Declaration for Nonkilling Balkans” that was drafted upon the discussions of the gathering that was convened in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on August 28-29, 2014. The initial signatories invite all to join the efforts of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum by signing the Declaration and becoming involved in its implementation.

pdf Download English version in PDF [1,7 Mb].

pdf Download Central South Slavic version in PDF [1,7 Mb].

Sarajevo Declaration for Nonkilling Balkans

  1. Gathered in the convergence of commemorations of WWI and WWII, two of Europe’s most dreadful wars, we abhor the vision of the Balkans as a place of bloodshed. On the contrary, we seek to reinstate and celebrate our Common Nonkilling History and Balkan contributions to a peaceful killing-free world: from Bogomil pacifist spirituality to early peace research; from centuries of peaceful multicultural coexistence to the first calls for unconditional nuclear disarmament; from daring antiwar activism in the midst of battle to applied nonviolent civil disobedience.
  2. This Common Nonkilling Legacy and the fact that during the entire history of this region the vast majority of people, even in the course of war, have not killed and would not kill, leads us to uphold the principle of the right of every single person not to be killed and the right and responsibility of everyone not to kill. History teaches us that killing only leads to more killing through creation of hatred and desire for retaliation. The examples of multi-ethnic communities that renounced killing each other during wartime or were able to achieve true reconciliation in times of peace reinforce this view.
  3. The positive media attention and public responses to the publication of the translation of Nonkilling Global Political Science into Central South Slavic (Svjetska Politička Nauka Neubijanja), to the celebration of the 2014 Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum, and to presentation of the first Nonkilling Communities Flag and Award to the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac, provide additional encouragement for receptivity of the nonkilling approach to problem-solving and community-building across the Balkans. At the same time, these actions resonate with many other initiatives that are currently being developed throughout the region.
  4. Considering that the time is ripe and building from the momentum of recent success and attention, the undersigned participants call for the establishment of a permanent nonkilling structure involving local scholars, activists, public institutions, and others. We suggest that this structure be incorporated as a nonprofit “Center for a Nonkilling Balkans”, with an associated “Nonkilling Balkans Observatory” to monitor killing and nonkilling initiatives throughout the region, and a “Nonkilling Balkans Academy” to train young leaders for building future nonkilling communities in the Balkans
  5. Following discussions of the Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum, the participants have agreed to publish a joint collective volume under the title Nonkilling Balkans that will further disseminate its findings and promote the consideration of its nonkilling thesis among decision-makers, civil movements and the general public. The key findings from this book will be summarized and presented in a Nonkilling Policy and Research Recommendations Report.
  6. We hope that our findings in the fields of education, psychology, anthropology, politics, philosophy, sociology, peace and conflict studies, futures studies, gender studies, history and the media will provide useful insights for review of the 1914-2014 period from a nonkilling perspective and will help transition from a Century that has been ostensibly marked by a Culture of Killing to a future based on a Nonkilling Culture in tune with the Common Nonkilling Legacy of the Balkans.


In remembrance of all who have been killed, of all the killers, of all who have not killed, and all who have worked to end killing, guided by the scientific, historical and cultural premise of the universal value of human life, we –participants of the “Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum” held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on August 28-19, 2014– present this Declaration and call upon all people of the Balkans and the world to join in support.


(to add your name, send an email to

  1. Sabina Alispahić (Bosnia-Herzegovina), University of Sarajevo
  2. Jadranka Alispahić (Bosnia-Herzegovina/Canada)
  3. Safet Alispahić (Canada)
  4. Vanja Alispahić (Canada)
  5. Bill Bhaneja (Canada), Center for Global Nonkilling
  6. Danica Borkovich Anderson (United States), The Kolo: Women’s Cross Cultural Collaboration
  7. Adela Bahtijaragić (United States)
  8. Ajli-Alica Bahtijaragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  9. Alija Bahtijaragić (Sweden)
  10. Denis Bahtijaragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  11. Elvir Bahtijaragić (United States)
  12. Enisa Bahtijaragić (Sweden)
  13. Fatima Bahtijaragić (United States)
  14. Hajrudin Bahtijaragić (United States)
  15. Haris Bahtijaragić (United States)
  16. Hava Bahtijaragić (Sweden)
  17. Iris Bahtijaragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  18. Irmin Bahtijaragić Bach (Canada)
  19. Ismeta Bahtijaragić (Bosnia- Herzegovina)
  20. Jasmina Bahtijaragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  21. Megan Bahtijaragić (United States)
  22. Minko Bahtijaragić Bach (Bosnia-Herzegovina/Canada)
  23. Zorica Bahtijaragić Bach (Serbia/Canada)
  24. Nerma Bahtijaragić (Canada)
  25. Rifet Bahtijaragić (Canada), Nonkilling Balkans Forum
  26. Sandi Bahtijaragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  27. Semira Bahtijaragić (United States)
  28. Arya Banagar (Iran/Canada)
  29. Jasmina Bower (United States)
  30. Emina Čabaravdić-Kamber (Germany), Hamburg Writers Society
  31. Noam Chomsky (United States), Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  32. Maria Cristina Damianovic (Brazil), Federal University of Pernambuco
  33. Amela Dautbegović (Bosnia-Herzegovina), University of Sarajevo
  34. Albin Dautović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  35. Đani Dautović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  36. Mia Dautović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  37. Mirela Dautović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  38. Timi Ećimović (Slovenia), Institute for Climate Change
  39. Anita Ešić (Germany)
  40. Mišo Ešić (Austria)
  41. Ružica Ešić (Bosnia-Herzegovina/Germany)
  42. Saša Ešić (Germany)
  43. Šimo Ešić (Bosnia-Herzegovina/Germany), “Bosnian Word” Publishing house
  44. Joám Evans Pim (Galiza), Center for Global Nonkilling
  45. Sanja Garić (Canada), British Columbia Institute for Technology
  46. Lejla Gavranović (Canada)
  47. Ingrida Grigaityte (Finland), Abo Akademi University, Vasa
  48. Eveline Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger (Switzerland), University of Teacher Education, Luzerne
  49. Hankuša Hanka Hamzagić (Germany)
  50. Bill Hoopes (Canada)
  51. Blanca Hoopes (Canada)
  52. Jaime Hoopes (Canada)
  53. Shelley Hymel (Canada), University of British Columbia
  54. Husein Hujić (Bosnia-Herzegovina), International Innovator Association
  55. Zlatko Hujić (Bosnia-Herzegovina), Mayor of the Municipality of Bosanski Petrovac
  56. Edin Jašarević (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  57. Gordan Janković (USA)
  58. Marija Maca Jeftić (Canada)
  59. Vuk Jeftić (Canada)
  60. Mirko Jeleč (Canada)
  61. Nermina Jendruh (USA)
  62. Srdjan Jendruh (USA)
  63. Tamara Jendruh (USA)
  64. Zdenko Jendruh (USA)
  65. Jesenka Nina Karamehmedović (USA)
  66. Ana Katić (Canada)
  67. Ilija Katić (Canada)
  68. Duško Keković (Canada)
  69. Branislava Keković (Canada)
  70. Stefan Keković (Canada)
  71. Mevlida Karadza (France), Université de Lille
  72. Emir Miro Karamehmedović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  73. Mladen Komnenić (Canada)
  74. Antoni Kostka (Poland/Canada)
  75. Honorata Kostka (Poland/Canada)
  76. Mujesira-Ira Kostecki (Bosnia-Herzegovina/Canada)
  77. Lucien Mabwe (Burundi), Bishop of the of the Pentecostal Assemblies
  78. Suki Medenčević (Bosnia-Herzegovina/USA)
  79. Boris Melezović (United States)
  80. Emilia Melezović (United States)
  81. Azra Marić (United Kingdom)
  82. Branislav Mirković (Canada)
  83. Gordana Mirković (Canada)
  84. Strahinja Mirković (Canada)
  85. Milenko Mišo Marić (United Kingdom)
  86. Aleksandar Mitić (Serbia), University of Belgrade
  87. Mirna Marković-Pavlović (Bosnia-Herzegovina), University of Sarajevo
  88. Ivana Milojević (Australia), University of the Sunshine Coast
  89. Aleksandar Mlač (Slovenia)
  90. Alma Omeragić (Bosnia-Herzegovina), Translator
  91. Glenn D. Paige (United States), Center for Global Nonkilling
  92. Marija Persoglija (Canada)
  93. Milena Marić Prevost (United Kingdom)
  94. Jean Mark Prevost (United Kingdom)
  95. Adina Prljaca (Bosnia/Canada)
  96. Amela Prljaca (Bosnia/Canada)
  97. Anela Prljaca (Bosnia/Canada)
  98. Suad Prljaca (Bosnia/Canada)
  99. Aleksandra Novaković (Germany)
  100. Alen Novaković (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  101. Boško Novaković (Germany)
  102. Selveta Novaković (Germany)
  103. Jasna Radovanović (Germany)
  104. Lamai Ratsamy (United States)
  105. Tjaša Ribizel (Slovenia), University of Ljubljana
  106. Merima Seferović (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  107. Miro Sirovina (Croatia), Journalist
  108. Donald Stooks (United Kingdom)
  109. Koozma J. Tarasoff (Canada), Center for Global Nonkilling
  110. Branko Tomić (Sweden), Bosnisk Post – Bosanska Pošta newspaper
  111. Dana Tomić (Sweden)
  112. Sanel Topić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  113. Michael Tudorie (Romania/Canada)






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Sarajevo Symposium in Scandinavian “Bosanska Pošta”


Published in Scandinavian newspapers ¨Bosanska Pošta¨

(Sweden, Norway, Denmark)


“Nonkilling Balkans” Symposium


Reject Hatred and Violence!


Centre for Global Nonkilling and its Balkan’s association, Nonkilling Balkans Forum, organize in Sarajevo, on 28th and 29th of August, the Symposium with the title – “Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum”.


“The main objective of this international gathering of scientists and humanists, as Mr. Rifet Bahtijaragic, professor, writer and founder of Nonkilling Balkan’s Forum, explains is to promote civilizational changes in the centre of Balkan’s region towards the creation of a nonkilling world by initiating different activities related to development of ethics and culture of nonkilling in humane society.“


How can such process, actually, start-up in the Balkans?


„It has to be said that every human being can act as its own Nonkilling Centre and spread this humane philosophy within the environment and place of living. One of the good examples and good ways is the community of Bosanski Petrovac. These people have made decision these days to declare their community as the Nonkilling Community from now on and forever. The world’s Centre for Global Nonkilling assigned them the first Nonkilling Flag in the Balkans.

Nonkilling Balkans Forum will strive to turn the example of Bosanski Petrovac into the practice of Balkan’s region. We plan to initiate the study of the philosophy and political science of nonkilling in schools; we plan to organize competitions of students in the field of nonkilling as a science.


During preparations for Sarajevo Symposium, we have sent recommendations to give consideration to establish nonkilling departments within universities of philosophy and political sciences. We will support initiatives for the establishment of nonkilling centres in all Balkan’s social-political communities, not only to annotate and highlight our anti-violence and anti-military commitments, but to inaugurate permanent studying of scientific values of nonkilling philosophy and nonkilling political science in relation to relations among people under their present living conditions.


Nonkilling Balkans Forum’s slogan says that the only true patriotism is the love for all people in the world, because dissemination of hatred towards other nations causes the worst damage to the one who hates, Mr. Bahtijaragic highlights. He also recommends for all the people in the world to bind with the oath to equally respect every member of a humane community regardless their look, nationality, religion, gender or any other individual diversities.“


The Symposium ¨Nonkilling Balkans 2014¨ will gather appreciable scientist and humanists from different countries, and they will present to Balkan’s and worlds general public their experiences and results from their scientific researches with reference to the creation of nonkilling society. Among other, present will be Ph.D. Professor Shelley Hymel and Ph.D. Professor Sanja Garić-Komnenić from Canada, Ph.D. Professor. Ivana Milojević from Australia, Ph.D. Professor Eveline Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger from Switzerland, Ph.D. Tjaša Ribizel from Slovenia, Ph.D. Pradeep Dhakal from Nepal, Joam Evans Pim from Spain, Ingrida Grigaityte from Finland, Ph.D Sabina Alispahić, Mr.Sci Mirna Marković Pavlović Mr.Sci Amela Dautbegović from BiH, Rifet Bahtijaragić, Prof. and Writer.


We are sure that “Nonkilling Balkans 2014” will echo in the Balkans and all over the world as an encouraging hope for people in that part of the world, motivating them to engage all human potentials in order to build the society consisted of new generations ready to reject hatred and killing and accept nonviolence and nonkilling as a philosophy of social living and human relations.


Human mind is a powerful tool and can make miracles, but we must not allow it to make us kill other people. We can have, as Rifet Bahtijaragic says, different names, we may appear in variety of forms, we can dress however we like, eat different food, enjoy the way we choose, socialize with whomever we feel like it and believe in whatever we find appropriate…, but we cannot kill other people; we have to take care of the life of each member of the human community.

Branko Tomić



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Sarajevo Conference – Nonkilling on Balkans


Center for a Nonkilling Balkans to be established in Sarajevo

September 2014. One of the outcomes of the August 28-29 Nonkilling Balkans Forum, held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is the decision to create in the near future a Center for a Nonkilling Balkans that can serve as focal point for activists, academics and civil society in the promotion of a nonkilling ethic based on the region’s cultures and history.

During the Forum participants from various countries and the global diaspora highlighted common nonkilling features of the Balkans past, such as the early Bogomil pacifist spirituality, pioneering centers for peace research such as Dubrobnik’s Interuniversity Center or the Institute for the Philosophy of Science and Peace, and a diversity of peace and antiwar organizations such as the Mirovni Institut or the Center for Antiwar Action.

A consensus was reached on the need to build a more permanent structure to carry on with this work, serving both as an advocacy organization to foster these values, especially in the educational arena, and as a Nonkilling Observatory for the Balkans region that can map and keep track of efforts to prevent and reduce potentially lethal violence and monitor and analyze instances of killing. Such an organization will be established through the mandate of a “Sarajevo Declaration for a Nonkilling Balkans” that will be issued shortly, with an additional set of policy, research and education recommendations.

The Forum organizers an participants will share the draft Declaration with other organizations and movements that will be invited to join this effort from the start. In particular, concern was expressed regarding the need to share this nonkilling approach with those involved in the 2014 Bosnian Spring protests and assembly gatherings providing insights on nonviolent strategies for political action, through other examples from the Balkans region (such as Otpor!) and elsewhere.

A collective book under the title “Nonkilling Balkans” will also follow this Forum, including the presentations of participants: Sanja Garić (British Columbia, Canada,  Institute of Technology), Tjaša Ribizel (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia), Mirna Marković Pavlović, Sabina Alispahić and Amela Dautbegović (University of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina), Ingrida Grigaitytë (Abo Akedemi University, Finland), Shelley Hymel (University of British Columbia, Canada), Eveline Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger (University of Teacher Education Lucerne, Switzerland ), Rifet Bahtijaragić (NKBF) and Joám Evans Pim (CGNK). Other scholars will be invited to submitt additional contributions.

The Forum received wide media attention, including a special program on FACE TV station on the previous day, and guests from the University of Sarajevo and various community organizations, including the Mayor of Bosanski Petrovac, that joined the Nonkilling Communities Flag Program, also joined the participants during the two-days of debate marking the symbolical moment a century after the beginning of the First World War and two decades after the end of the bloodiest war in Europe since World War II.

The Center for Global Nonkilling would like to extend its gratitute to those who helped in the organization of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum: Miro Karamehmedović, Branko Tomić, Milenko Mišo Marić, Miro Sirovina, Minko Bahtijaragić Bach, Nerma Bahtijaragić, Alma Omeragić, Bill Hoopes.



FACE TV interview translation

0:00 Anchor:
Good afternoon, we have our first afternoon guests in the studio. Their names are Mr. Rifet Bahtijaragic and Mr. Evans Pim, Director of the Nonkilling Centre.
0:15 Rifet:
Good afternoon
0.26: Anchor
Thank you for coming to our TV studio this afternoon and for introducing us to the work of your organization.
0.26 Rifet:
Thank you for inviting us, it is our pleasure to be guests in your TV show, especially because this FACE TV station is known worldwide for its progressive attitude, and what we do within our Nonkilling Balkans Forum and Centre for Global Nonkilling is, I believe, also very progressive. We are talking here about the new science in the field of Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology and Political Sciences and it is about Nonkilling. In our recent history we have always been annotating dates of something related to rebellions and wars, but now we are hoping to introduce a new science that will teach us on how to upgrade our minds in order to avoid violence and killing of people while solving disputes and conflicts.

We are talking here about the science that needs to be incorporated in curriculum of modern schools and universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Balkans and worldwide. There are many countries in the world that have already started to introduce this new science of Nonkilling, but we are introducing it the Balkans for the first time today.

Yesterday we have visited Bosanski Petrovac – the first region in the world which decided to take a pledge, in front of their children and in front of the whole world, a pledge against killing of human beings and for protection of future generation against killing.

Tomorrow and a day after tomorrow we will hold here in Sarajevo a International symposium Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum and participants will be scientist and humanists who will present their scientific works about Nonkilling. Some of them have studied the situation in the Balkans and they are going to present results of their researches in these scientific works and their opinions how people of Balkans can start to change culture of killing and in their mind incorporate ethic and culture of Nonkilling.

The group of professionals from the University of Philosophy will also present their research, because they were born here, they know a lot about mentality, traditions and cultures of people from this region of the world and they have been in touch with this new science before.
7.35 Anchor:
Mr. Rifet, you live in Canada for many years and in last time you started a collaboration with worldwide scientists and humanists who want to work in Balkans and in Bosnia with reference to this issue. And you have also mentioned close cooperation with Balkan universities, University of Philosophy in Sarajevo, for example, so can you tell us something about their response.
7.53 Rifet:
The main goal of this symposium is for scientists to be given a chance to express their own opinions on best possible options for implementation of Nonkilling science within our schools and how to educate people on how to change their way of thinking, in order to stop using violence and killings in solving conflicts and disputes, but resolving conflicts by humane means. And there is a whole spectre of peaceful and humane solutions – much more than violent options.

Talking about our initiatives and ideas, I can tell you that all this started rather recently, when we initiated contacts with many universities in the Balkans, and they mostly welcomed this new science. It will take some times for Balkans universities, including this in Sarajevo, Faculty of Philosophy and Faculty of Political Sciences, to organize Nonkilling courses or, which would be even better, to establish Nonkilling Departments within their schools. I think that is the most important activity in this very moment.

Another thing that needs to be done is to establish cooperation with ministries of education and university authorities to organize a presentation of Nonkilling science in schools, workshops, quiz competitions and the other ways of competition in Nonkilling knowledge.
11.09 Anchor:
Mr. Rifet, prior to your coming to the studio, you have mentioned that you expect this forum to reverberate and to cause good reaction in Balkans and with Bosnia and Herzegovina general public, especially with young people .
11.31 Rifet:
I am sure that forum will provoke good reactions. I have been born and raised in the Balkans, I know these people and I know that people here are sometimes capable for making bad thinks, but we are much more capable for good deeds. We had proved it many times in our past. And I am very positive that Balkans people have capabilities to start in third millennium with decision to provide to future generations the right to live, not to be killed. We also have to teach them about their responsibility not to kill anybody ever. I believe It is natural thinking of every intelligent human being. To behave like that. And it is a personal decision.
16.39 Anchor:
And now, Mr. Rifet, before we invite other members of Nonkilling Centre and Forum, tell me something about participation on the Forum, how and whom to invite to participate the Forum.
16.56 Rifet:
This TV presentation that you have made for us is very much, what Face TV has done for us, is of an extreme importance and assistance in order for this science to be implanted in minds of people, in order for them to start thinking differently, start to erase violence and killing ways from our brains and implant fundamental paradigm of Nonkilling Philosophy in our culture.

The participation in the Forum tomorrow, apart from people who have prepared their scientific presentations, can be taken by anyone. We have already sent invitations to all relevant universities in the Balkans, especially to those in Sarajevo who should participate, and therefore we hope to have participation of professors and students from the Faculty of Political Sciences and Faculty of Philosophy. The conference is open for everyone. We would appreciate your presence and presence of other media, because we expect to have some vivid discussions and exchange of opinions and attitudes which is going to be very interesting for your viewers.
17.59 Anchor
Thank you very much for being our guest. In the continuation of our TV programme we will continue this conversation with other representatives from the Centre and hope to see you tomorrow on Forum in Hotel Bosnia.
18.10 Rifet
Thank you very much.
18.13 Anchor
Dear viewers, stay with us because we will make a short break after which we will continue talking about the Forum



Comments ( 937 )

BOSANSKI PETROVAC – The First Nonkilling Community


Nonkilling Community Flag Awarded to Bosanski Petrovac

August 2014. The Center for Global Nonkilling presented its first Nonkilling Communities Flag and Award to the Municipality of Bosanski Petrovac, located in the Una-Sana Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The award ceremony took place in the town hall of Bosanski Petrovac on August 26 with the participation of Mayor Zlatko Hujić, Municipal Assembly President Dušan Došen, Nonkilling Balkans Forum Founder Rifet Bahtijaragić, Director of Center for Global Nonkilling Joam Evans Pim, and community and media representatives. The Nonkilling Communities Flag program was envisioned as a form to encourage, recognize and support local communities where no killings take place or where nonkilling good practices are being implemented to reduce killing. In fulfillment of the mission of the Center for Global Nonkilling, to promote change toward the measurable goal of a killing-free world, the Flag and Award seeks to honor local governments and communities that have shown efforts to significantly reduce killing or that have become communities with no killing. With a population of just under 8,000, Bosanski Petrovac suffered ethnic strife and atrocities during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War and has been making positive efforts for reconciliation and community development. With its pioneering participation in the Nonkilling Communities Flag program, local authorities will be working closely with CGNK and other organizations to develop strategies for violence prevention and efforts that build a strong nonkilling ethos. Bosanski Petrovac is now also able to fly or use this emblem making it part of its identity, as a community free of killing. The Flag and Award ceremony was included as part of the activities of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum, that continued in Sarajevo on August 28 and 29, as an encouraging setting for the review of the 1914-2014 period from a nonkilling perspective, proposing a transition from a Century marked by a Culture of Killing to a future based on a Nonkilling Culture.
        For pictures and videos see the links to the following media news pieces:

Speech by CGNK’s Director

Greetings! It is an honor for the Center for Global Nonkilling to be a guest of the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac in such an special occasion. As part of the activities of the Nonkilling Balkans 2014 Exploratory Forum and Conference, organized by the Nonkilling Balkans Forum through the inspiring efforts of its founder Rifet Bahtijaragić, the Center for Global Nonkilling is pleased to extend its first Nonkilling Communities Flag and Award to Bosanski Petrovac. The Nonkilling Communities initiative was envisioned as a form to encourage, recognize and support local communities where no killings take place or where nonkilling good practices are being implemented to reduce killing. In fulfillment of the mission of the Center for Global Nonkilling, to promote change toward the measurable goal of a killing-free world, the Flag and Award seeks to honor local governments and communities that have shown efforts to significantly reduce killing or that have become communities with no killing. The 2002 World Report on Violence and Health, issued by the World Health Organization, identifies violence as a “preventable disease”. Killing and other forms of violence can be eradicated if the adequate resources and strategies are in place. The Center for Global Nonkilling, an international nonprofit organization based in the islands of Hawaii, pursues research, education and policy-making initiatives that help bring us closer to imagining and realizing a world with communities that are free from killing. We try to do this by developing new research, making knowledge available and working with international organizations such as the World Health Organization’s Violence Prevention Alliance or the United Nations Economic and Social Council, with whom we hold Special Consultative Status. The engagement we are now initiating with the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac is of great significance for a number of reasons. First, it is the first time a Nonkilling Communities Flag and Award is presented. By initiating the program here we hope many other towns, cities and regions will follow with this explicit decision to take a step towards the creation of a nonkilling culture in their communities. As part of this engagement, Bosanski Petrovac will be able to fly or use this emblem making it part of its identity, as a community free of killing. The municipality will also receive materials (an initial set of publications and resources will be handed over today), advice and support from the Center for Global Nonkilling. The municipality also commits to comply with the program requirements in terms of monitoring of violence and submission of annual reports to the Center for Global Nonkilling. Second, the inaugural Flag and Award are extended here in Bosnia, a century after the beginning of the First World War and two decades after the end of the bloodiest war in Europe since World War II. Incorporating this Flag and Award ceremony as part of the activities of the Nonkilling Balkans 2014 Forum, that will continue in Sarajevo on August 28 and 29, is an encouraging setting for the review of the 1914-2014 period from a nonkilling perspective that we now initiate, proposing a transition from a Century marked by a Culture of Killing to a future based on a Nonkilling Culture. We hope Bosanski Petrovac may also become a symbol for such a transformation and that you will join us in this journey in days and decades to come. The Center for Global Nonkilling extends its appreciation to the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac and on behalf of the Chair of our Governing Council, Professor Glenn Paige, and our colleague Rifet Bahtijaragić, founder of the Nonkilling Balkans Forum, we confer this Flag and Diploma to honor and recognize the efforts of the recipient in promoting change toward the measurable goal of a killing-free town and municipality as part of the Nonkilling Communities Flag Program. As Director of the Center for Global Nonkilling, I would like to offer my heartfelt congratulations and best wishes to all of you.

Speech by CGNK’s Director in Central South Slavic

Srdačan pozdrav svima! Centar za Globalno Neubijanje ima veliku čast da bude gost općine Bosanski Petrovac ovim posebnim povodom. U okviru aktivnosti Balkanskog Istraživačkog foruma o neubijanju 2014. godine I u okviru konferencije koju organizira Balkanski forum za neubijanje, uz svesrdnu podršku I ogromno zalaganje svoga osnivača, Rifeta Bahtijaragića, Centar za globalno neubijanje sa zadovoljstvom predaje svoju prvu Zastavu zajednice neubijanja i Priznanje općini Bosanski Petrovac. Inicijativa zajednica neubijanja je zamišljena na takav način kako bi ohrabrila, prepoznala i podržala lokalne zajednice u kojima se nisu dešavala ubijanja, ili gdje se neubijanje, ili slične dobre prakse mogu na bilo koji način implementirati kako bi se umanjio stepen ubijanja. Kako bi se ostvarila misija Centra za globalno neubijanje, te kako bi se promovirale promjene koje bi dovele do krajnjeg, mjerljivog, cilja, a to je svijet u kojem nema ubijanja, Zastavom i Priznanjem želi se odati priznanje lokalnim vlastima i zajednicama koje su se potrudile da značajno umanje stepen ubijanja, ili koje su postale zajednice neubijanja. Izvještaj o nasilju i zdravlju u svijetu, kojeg je napravila Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija 2002. godine, prepoznaje nasilje kao „bolest koja se može prevenirati“, ukoliko se pronađu i primjene odgovarajući resursi i strategije. Centar za globalno neubijanje, međunarodna neprofitabilna organizacija koja ima sjedište na Havajima, sprovodi istraživanja, daje obrazovne i olitičke inicijative koje doprinose zajedničkom osmišljavanju i stvaranju svijeta u kojem će postojati zajednice u kojima će Ubijanje i druge forme nasilja biti moguće iskorijeniti. Nastojimo ovo postići razvojem novih istraživačkih projekata, kako bismo saznanja o ovoj temi napravili dostupnima, te radimo sa međunarodnim organizacijama kao što Savez za prevenciju nasilja pri Svjetskoj zdravstvenoj organizaciji, Vijeće za ekonomska i socijalna pitanja pri Ujedinjenim nacijama, u kojem imamo status specijalnog konsultanta. Saradnja koju pokrećemo sada sa općinom Bosanski Petrovac je od izuzetne važnosti iz mnogo razloga. Na prvom mjestu, ovo je prvi puta da dodjeljuemo Priznanje i Zastavu zajednice neubijanja. Pokretanjem ovog programa ovdje, nadamo se da će mnoge zajednice, gradovi i regije slijediti ovaj primjer, donijeti čvrstu odluku i napraviti iskorak ka kreiranje kulture neubijanja u svojim zajednicama. Bosanski Petrovac, općina koja je postala dio cijele ove priče, će moći koristiti ovaj amblem kao dio svoga identiteta zajednice neubijanja. Općina će također dobiti i materijale (početni set publikacija i sličnih materijala će biti predat danas), savjete i podršku Centra za globalno neubijanje. Općina se također obavezuje da radi u skladu sa zahtjevima programa u smislu nadgledanja stepenja nasilja i pravljenja godišnjih izvještaja Centru za globalno neubijanje. Zatim, inauguracijska Zastava i Priznanje su simbolično donijeti u Bosnu i Hercegovinu, jedan vijek nakon početka Prvog svjetskog rada i dvije decenije nakon završetka najkrvavijeg ratnog sukoba u Evropi, od završetka Drugog svjetskog rata. Dodjela Priznanja i Zastave su napravljene u sklopu aktivnosti Balkanskog foruma za neubijanje 2014. koje se nastavljaju u Sarajevu 28. i 29. avgusta i ujedno služi kao ohrabrujuća postavka za pregled onoga što se dešavalo u periodu 1914-2014, gledano sa aspekta neubijanja, kojeg ovom prilikom pokrećemo, uz prijedlog da se izvrši prijelaz iz stoljeća koje je obilježeno Kulturom Ubijanja u stoljeće koje je tek nastalo i koje bi bilo zasnovano na Kulturi Neubijanja. Nadamo se da i Bosanski Petrovac može postati simbol ovakve transformacije i da ćete nam se pridružiti na ovom putu u decenijama koje dolaze Centar za globalno neubijanje se zahvaljuje Općini Bosanski Petrovac i u ime predsjedavajućeg našeg Upravnog odbora, profesora Glena Peidža i našeg kolege, Rifeta Bahtijaragića, osnivača Balkanskog foruma neubijanja, dajemo Vam ovu Zastavu i Priznanje kako bismo nagradili nastojanja koja ulažete u zalaganju za promjene koje vode ka ostvarenju mjerljivog cilja, a to je stvaranje grada u kojem nema ubijanja i zajednice koja postaje dio Zajednice – nosioca zastave Neubijanja. Kao Direktor Centra za globalno neubijanje, upućujem srdačne čestitke i želim vam svima sve najbolje.

Comments ( 1,944 )

Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum in Sarajevo


Invitation to potential participants, 

We are thrilled to have been given the opportunity, to present to you a proposal to collaborate on the organization of the ‘Nonkilling Balkans 2014 – Nonkilling Exploratory Forum’ – a Balkans and global gathering of leaders from a broad range of scientific and humanitarian disciplines.

The goal of this research forum is to explore the possibilities of:

  • Transforming the Balkans as a whole, inclussive of all  its respective parts, into a world region whose future will be free of killing of humans by humans
  • Supporting numerous Balkans and Balkans-related global ideas and movements aiming to establish, in this historically and politically volatile region, societies founded on the principles of ultimate humanitarian value of nonkilling

We thus ask you to endorse this Symposium and to collaborate  on its organization with the institutions listed below. We also ask you to endorse the Symposium and provide research and scientific sponsorship/support, alongside the organizations and institutions listed bellow.

  • Nonkilling Balkans Forum
  • Center for Global Nonkilling, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
  • Regional Political Sciences Schools and College/University Departments
  • Other likeminded institutions and organizations from the region

We further propose the gathering be held on August 28 and 29 this year in Hotel Bosnia in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The organization and delivery of this global gathering of scientists and humanists Sarajevo in 2014 could represent an orchestrated entry of this part of the world into the third millenium ensuing most humane of the ways human societies can be organized – based on the philosophy and values of nonkilling. This event  would also coincide with the 100th anniversary of the beginning  of World War I – one of the bloodiest and most tragic pages of human history, symbolically started in Sarajevo in 1914.

A human is a being  of enormous importance not only on the planet Earth but also in the whole of cosmos. Our mind is so powerful that, should we so decide, we could erase the bloody history of the civilizations past and present and move towards building societies based on nonkilling, in every corner of our planet and in the Balkans. However abundant the history of humankind may be in examples of human killing of other humans, it is also rich in examples of exceptional humanism, cheritable brotherhood and nonkilling. If we so choose, we can turn our minds towards humane social structures and – through our legal systems, political sciences, philosophies of social relations, religious canons, educational systems developed for future generations, arts and other aspects of creative expressions – erase hateful, violent and destructive solutions to resolving our differring interests, misunderstandings and conflicts. For, in the heart of the Balkans – Bosnia and Herzegovina specifically – there still exists a message very similar to the messages of ancient China, India, Persia, in today’s Center for Global Nonkilling and Nonkilling Balkans Forum – Whatever you do to others, you practically do to yourself. We at the Nonkilling Balkans Forum have accepted this maxim as we believe that the only true patriotism is the love for all people in the world. The instigation of hatred toward any one people or any one person harms the instigator the most. So, people all over the world shoud be obliged under oath to equally respect every member of our human community throughout our lives, regardless of their appearance, nationality, religious beliefs, gender and other individual characteristics.

The Balkans in their past used to have a very advanced spiritual and cultural movements  among its peoples, which in their ways of living and in ways of relating to God emphasised brotherhood and nonkilling of humans by humans. They need to be rediscovered and lessons learned from why they failed to prevent killing. The Forum will invite creative thought on how nonkilling values can serve all Balkans peoples in the present and future.

Today, the humankind is  enabled by the technologies at our disposal to provide benefits to all people; by the information systems and means which, in a rather near future, will  completely erase the state borders, will intermix cultures and rases, and will make every human being a member of the global human community.

A book recently appeared throughout the Central South Slavic languages region  written by one of the most renowned humanists today, the founder of the Center for Global Nonkilling ( ), Glenn D. Paige, Ph.D.,  titled Nonkilling Global Political Science. The Nonkilling Balkans Forum ( ) organized the publishing of this fundamental work in the field of new political nonkilling science through the ‘Bosnian Word’ publishing house from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is expected that this scientific work will shortly be translated and published in Romanian and Bulgarian also, while the book has already been translated into over 20 languages worldwide. The appearance of this book in the Balkans also opened the scientific and documentary possibility for organizing the historical gatherig in Sarajevo in 2014.

The Center for Global Nonkilling so far has organized a number of publication releases within the field of nonkilling global political science. The existing body of knowledge on how to build nonkilling societies and transform human communities creating humane future is already credible and with merit.

 During two days of Sarajevo symposium scientists and humanists from world-wide are going to present to their Balkans people, colleagues  and humanists their experiences and scientific research results related to the conditions necessary for creating nonkilling societies. We are certain that ‘Nonkilling Balkans 2014’ symposium would have a resounding effect in the Balkans and throughout the world. We are certain that it would inspire and offer a realistic hope to the peoples of the region to mobilize their human potential towards building a society in which the new generations would reject hatred and killing and embrace nonviolence and nonkiling as their philosophy of social relations and way of living.

We ask that you consider our proposal to participate on  the international ‘Nonkilling Balkans 2014 – Nonkilling Exploratory Forum’ in Sarajevo and to advise us of your decisions, suggestions, and further questions by email at, or We will be very happy if you have possibility to present your writen work related to Filosophy and the way of life against hatried, abuse and any way of killings humans by humans. The paper should be  your contribution to the creation of nonkilling future of our civilization.

With sincere regards and expectation of your participation to  scientific Symposium ‘Nonkilling Balkans 2014’.

Rifet Bahtijaragić, Prof., Writter,                                   Prof. Dr. Ivana Milojević,

the member of Center for Global Nonkilling      University USC, Australia,

and founder of Nonkilling Balkans Forum          the member of Center for

–                                                                       Global Nonkilling and cofounder

–                                                                              of Nonkilling Balkans Forum





Comments ( 403 )

Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum u Sarajevu, BiH


Poziv potencijalnim učesnicima,

Upućujemo vam poziv za učešće na balkanskom i svjetskom skupu naučnika i humanista iz raznih oblasti nauke i uopšte ljudskog života pod nazivom ¨Nonkilling Balkans Exploratory Forum¨ (Nonkilling Balkans 2014). Cilj tog istraživačkog skupa je ukazivanje na mogućnosti pretvaranja Balkana u cjelini i svih njegovih dijelova u region na Zemlji u kojem u budućnosti neće biti ubijanja ljudi od strane ljudi, i, istovremeno,  potpomaganje mnogih ideja i pokreta na Balkanu, i u cijelom svijetu u vezi s Balkanom, da se na tom historijski i politički veoma trusnom području formiraju društvene zajednice na bazi najveće humanističke vrijednosti – neubijanja ljudi. Želja nam je da u organiziranje ovog simpozijuma, zajedno sa Svjetskim centrom neubijanja (Center for Global Nonkilling, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA) i njegovom asocijacijom Balkanskim forumom neubijanja (Nonkilling Balkans Forum),  budu uključeni fakulteti i druge visokoškolske i naučne institucije, rukovodne i društvenopolitičke strukture, informativni mediji i organizacije u regionu koje mogu pomoći u stvaranju naučne platforme za izgradnju društava neubijanja ljudi od strane ljudi.

Simpozijum će biti održan 28. i 29. augusta 2014. godine u Hotelu Bosnia u Sarajevu, Bosna i Hercegovina.

Organiziranje tog svjetskog skupa naučnika i humanista u 2014. godini u Sarajevu  označiće organizovani ulazak balkanskog dijela civilizacije u treći milenijum sa najhumanijim vidovima organiziranja društvenih odnosa – na bazi neubijanja. I to tačno sto godina iza jednog od najtragičnijih momenata historije ljudskog roda, jedne od najvećih klaonica ljudi u vremenu dominacije čovjeka na našoj planeti, Prvog svjetskog rata, koji je simbolično započet u Sarajevu 1914. godine.

Čovjek je biće od izuzetnog značaja ne samo na planeti Zemlji nego u kosmosu uopšte. On posjeduje toliko moćan um da, ako to želi i odluči, može izbrisati krvavu prošlost civilizacije i krenuti putem izgradnje ljudskih društava na bazi neubijanja. Na svakom kutku naše planete, pa, prema tome, i na Balkanu. Kako god je historija ljudskog roda obilata primjerima međusobnog ubijanja ljudi, u njoj postoje i primjeri  izuzetnog humanizma, dobrotvornog bratstva i neubijanja među ljudima. Ne postoji nijedna vrijednost koja se može porediti sa ljudskim životom. Čovjek je izuzetna vrijednost na Zemlji i u kosmosu uopšte. Zamislite kolika je intelektualna, stvaralačke snaga bila potrebna da se kreira tako biološki savršeno i intelektualno moćno biće kao što je čovjek. Pa, otkud, onda, bilo kome pravo da ubija ljude ili donosi odluke o ubijanju ljudi. O ubijanju takvog produkta kosmiške kreativnosti koji ima ogroman značaj za našu planetu i za kompletan kosmos.

Ako hoće, ljudi mogu organizirati svoj um u smjeru izgradnje humanih društvenih zajednica, iz svojih zakonodavstava, političkih nauka, filozofija društvenih odnosa, religijskih kanona, iz sistema obrazovanja budućih pokoljenja, umjetnosti i ostalih vidova kreacija ljudskog uma izbrisati rješavanje nesuglasica i sukoba zbog različitih interesa na način raspirivanja mržnje među ljudima i međusobnog uništavanja. Jer, u srcu Balkana, u Bosni i Hercegovini i danas egzistira poruka veoma bliska onima u drevnoj Indiji, Kini, Perziji…, u današnjem Svjetskom centru neubijanja i Balkanskom forumu neubijanja – Što god kome, sve sebi. U Balkanskom forumu je razvijena krilatica da je jedini istinski patriotizam ljubav prema svim ljudima svijeta, jer raspirivanje mržnje prema bilo kojem narodu nanosi najviše štete onom ko mrzi. I da bi se svugdje u svijetu ljudi trebali obavezivati zakletvom da će u cijelom svom životu jednako poštovati svakog člana ljudske zajednice, bez obzira na njegov izgled, nacionalnu pripadnost, religijska shvatanja, spol i ostale individualne karakteristike.

Balkan je u svojoj prošlosti imao veoma razvijen pokret u narodu – Bogumilstvo, koji je i u načinu života, i u načinu odnosa s Bogom, forsirao bratstvo i neubijanje ljudi. Danas je ljudski rod osposobljen tehnologijama koje mogu omogućiti blagodet svakom čovjeku, informativnim sistemima koji će, vjerovatno, u skoroj budućnosti brisati državne granice, izmiješati kulture i rase i svako ljudsko biće učiniti članom sveopšte ljudske zajednice.

Na području Centralnih južnoslavenskih jezika nedavno se pojavila knjiga velikana današnjeg humanizma, osnivača svjetske organizacije Center for Global Nonkilling Dr. Prof. Glenna D. Paige-a Svjetska Politička Nauka Neubijanja. Posao oko izdavanja tog fundamentalnog djela u novoj političkoj nauci neubijanja organizirao je Balkanski Foruma Neubijanja, a knjigu je izdala bosanskohercegovačka izdavačka kuća ¨Bosanska Riječ¨. Uskoro će to naučno djelo biti prevedeno i izdato  na Bugarskom i Rumunskom jeziku, a na osnovu originala na Engleskom jeziku dosad se pojavilo više od dvadeset izdanja na različitim svjetskim jezicima.

Center for Global Nonkilling dosad je organizovao pojavu niza knjiga u okviru filozofije, psihologije i političke nauke neubijanja, tako da već postoje u svijetu veoma meritorna znanja kako graditi društva neubijanja i vršiti transformaciju ljudskih zajednica u smjeru humane budućnosti.

Na forumu ¨Nonkilling Balkans 2014¨ u Sarajevu  učestvovaće značajni naučnici i humanisti iz niza zemalja u svijetu i na Balkanu i prezentirati balkanskoj i svjetskoj javnosti svoja iskustva i rezultate  naučnih istraživanja u vezi sa uvjetima za formiranje društava neubijanja. Sigurni smo da će ¨Nonkilling Balkans 2014¨ odjeknuti u svijetu i u balkanskim zemljama kao veoma vjerovatna nada da će ljudi u tom dijelu svijeta angažirati sve ljudske potencijale za izgradnju društava u kojima će nove generacije ljudskog roda definitivno odbaciti mržnju i ubijanje i prihvatiti nenasilje i neubijanje kao filozofiju društvenih odnosa i načina života.

Poštovana gospodo,

Želja nam je da učestvujete na Simpozijumu naučnika i humanista ¨Nonkilling Balkans 2014¨ u Sarajevu  i da na taj način u tom dijelu svijeta potpomognete stvaranje uvjeta za formiranje društvenih zajednica neubijanja ljudi od strane ljudi. Ako biste tom skupu presentirali neki Vaš rad i Vaše mišljenje o mogućnostima za pretvaranje Balkana u svjetsku zonu slobodnu od ubijanja ljudi i učestvovali u raspravi o naučno-istraživačkim radovima koji će biti prezentirani  28. i 29. augusta 2014. godine, bio bi to Vaš velik doprinos pokretanju procesa na Balkanu u smjeru stvaranja civilizacije u kojoj neće biti ubijanja ljudi od strane ljudi. Molimo vas da razmotrite našu ponudu za saradnju u tom smjeru i da nas o vašoj odluci i prijedlozima upoznate putem emaila na našu email adresu, ili  

Srdačno vas pozdravljamo i želimo nam svima zajedno sretno organizovanje naučnog skupa ¨Nonkilling Balkans 2014¨.

Rifet Bahtijaragić, Profesor, Kanadsko-bosanski pisac,

Član Nonkilling Arts Research Committee svjetske organizacije Center for Global Nonkilling

i osnivač organizacije Nonkilling Balkans Forum;

Ivana Milojević,

Prof. Dr. na USC Univerzitetu u Australiji i vanredni Profesor na Univerzitetu Novi Sad, Srbija,

član organizacije Center for Global Nonkilling i suosnivač organizacije Nonkilling Balkans Forum.

Vancouver, februara 2014.

Comments ( 210 )

Prof. Dr. Bill Bhaneja: Nonkilling Security and the State


Note: As I worked on the paper, it became apparent that the focus of Gene Sharp’s

pioneering work has been on nonviolent ways of seeking Democracy from

Dictatorships, however once the dictatorships were toppled, there was not much

thought given to democratic institution building or addressing the question of security,

both internal and external. Even his book, Civilian-Based Defence, is focussed on

utilizing Gandhian nonviolent techniques of resistance rather than consideration of

international police and peacekeepers or conflict negotiators etc. as part of the conflict

resolution (national or international) peace infrastructure. Another problem seems to

persist is exactly of opposite nature — many western democracies as in the case of wars

in Iraq , Afghanistan, and Libya (and Israel-Palestine stalemate) have tended to act like

dictatorships when it comes to military interventions(wars) with lip service to the UN

charter and international law. Making the Nonkilling as focus of the paper becomes

cogent as it is a measurable tool for policy development compared to the concept of


Nonkillling Security and the State: A Review Essay**

by Balwant Bhaneja, Ph.D. (

Paper presented at the Peace & Justice Studies Association 2013 Conference at Wilfrid

Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont, Canada, 19 October 2013.

(**Joám Evans Pim (ed.) (2013), Nonkilling Security & The State, Honolulu and Omaha:

Co-published by Center for Global Nonkilling and Creighton University, pp. 426)

Killings in recent history

It is generally agreed that the 20th Century was one of the bloodiest centuries, and we

seem to have learnt little from that experience. Around 200 million people are estimated

to have been killed in wars and armed conflicts during the 20th century.

(Bhaneja,Leitenberg:87). A majority of casualties have been civilians, mostly women

and children. The percentage of civilians killed and wounded as a result of hostilities

steadily rose from five percent of all casualties at the turn of the last century to 65

percent during World War II to 90 percent in more recent conflicts, mainly Iraq wars

(Schlichtman, Correll: 201).

However, most of these killings have not brought any military victories. NATO

Commander General Rupert Smith in his book, “The Utility of Force: The Art of War in

Modern World” writes that since the World War 2, there have been hardly any wars

which could be described as clear-cut conquests (i.e. surrender by the other side). Most

military interventions have bogged down, struggling to bring a conflict to an end staying

in these troubled regions for decades and sometimes much longer (e.g.Cyprus, Korea,

Iraq and Afghanistan). Political change in the past century has had more successes


when pursued through nonviolent means. An empirical study by Maria Stephan and

Erica Chenoweth (Summy; Stephan and Chenoweth: 27) examined the success rate of

323 major social change movements, nonviolent and violent, between 1900 and 2006.

It found that armed struggle achieved a success rate of 26% as compared to 53% for

nonviolent campaigns. Another study by Max Abrams (Summy, Abraham: 50) discloses

only a 7% success rate for terrorism. It is obvious the transition to democracy at the

conclusion of a political campaign has been much higher for nonviolence than for



What is Nonkilling Security?

A straightforward definition will be of a conflict situation where human and economic

security is achieved without killing other humans. This is applicable to an individual,

household, region, nation-state and at international levels. Glenn D. Paige’s seminal

work, Nonkilling Global Political Science (Paige, 2007: 1) defines a “Nonkilling society”

as “a human community, smallest to largest, local to global, characterized by no killing

of humans, and no threats to kill; no weapons designed to kill humans and no

justifications for using them; and no conditions of society dependent upon threat or use

of killing force for maintenance or change.” Paige argues that based on the evidence of

evolution of nonkilling security structures and evidence pointed out in growing number

of studies by peace researchers that his is not a utopian vision.

Is Nonkilling Security possible in the 21st Century?

My presentation refers to evolving components which form the building blocks of

architecture of nonkilling security. This review paper is based on the findings of a

recent volume entitled: “Nonkilling Security and the State” (Evans Pim (ed.), 2013). I

am one of its contributing authors along with other 18 social scientists.

Perhaps it is important to ponder what the modern state is? Max Weber wrote and

delivered his speech “Politics as Vocation” in Munich in 1918. He defines the state as “a

human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of

physical force within a given territory” (Satha-Anand:23) Being so defined, the state has

become the only social institution that can claim legitimacy when engaging in violence

and killing. Satha-Anand contends that by positing the state in this way Weber has

turned the state into an institution that is inherently violent. Should that be a necessary

pre-condition for a nation-state?

The notion of a nation -state where it has legitimacy to engage in warfare, it seems, is at

variance with the limits of power agreed upon by the nation-states who have agreed to

be members of the UN. The United Nations charter highlighting the peace and security


aspects in its Article 2(3) states that “All Members shall settle their international disputes

by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice,

are not endangered.” Paragraph 4 of the same Article maintain: “All Members shall

refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial

integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with

the Purposes of the United Nations.” So any country having joined the UN as a member

must abide its charter that will be any one’s assumption as a primary condition for UN


Life as it stands in dignity is the core of our existence. Barbey states that the power to

kill is never a right! It has been legally granted to people and societies in only three

circumstances: (i) for self-defence, (ii) capital punishment, i.e. by death penalty, and (iii)

through the power of war. However, all three of them have been given with very great

limitations. (Barbey: 153-55)

For Self-defence

Individuals have a right to self-defence. It need not be by lethal means (see US Dept of

Defence non-lethal weapons program, also used in some police departments. See ]. The right to life is a universal and intangible right, there are no

possible limitations to it, one is either alive or not. Barbey points out that even if the law

may, in some very particular circumstances, tolerate a threat to or even a destruction of

the right to life, this does not in any way grant a right to kill. Again, exception to the

obligation of respecting the right to life is not in any way acceptable without due trial or

control, or at the worst without legal permission. (Barbey: 153)

Nations have a right to self-defence as well, but they also have an obligation to abstain

from threat and aggression. UN charter Article 51 reads: “Nothing in the present Charter

shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack

occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken

measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.”

By Death Penalty

The death penalty is a good example of what a nonkilling culture is not. The trend in

decline of capital punishment has continued worldwide since the creation of United

Nations in 1945. By January 2012, Amnesty International reports 140 of 195 countries

and territories had abolished the death penalty for all crimes. In some other countries

where the capital punishment is on the books, it has to be used only in the “rare of the

rarest” cases.


Through the Power of War

War has been illegal since 1945 and the adoption of the UN Charter, specifically article

2, paragraphs 3 and 4 as stated earlier attest to that fact. Nevertheless, most states of

the world still maintain military apparatuses, thus causing tremendous human suffering,

losses of resources and threatening the very existence of the human species. Continual

military build up including nuclear weapons proliferation as display of a country’s military

prowess have not helped in reducing the possibility of war and armed conflict.

With increasing number of military expeditions of NATO countries taking place in far off

lands to meet local civil challenges, the justification for drawing huge sums of money

assigned from public treasury for military preparedness and warfare requires some

serious re-thinking. There are 193 sovereign nation states, but they have within their

boundaries over 7,000 cultures. (Bhaneja, Sponsel: 94)) Most of the conflicts today are

at cultural levels, the issues that have been exasperated by a lack of understanding of

local history, language, and religions of peoples at the grassroots level. These are

unlikely to be solved by combat fights and dropping of bombs.

Resources absorbed yearly by military budgets are now around four times bigger than

the only partly met requirements set to achieve the millennium development goals.

Countries without armies

Only five countries have textually banned war in their constitutions. Italy did so in 1946,

Japan in 1947, Ecuador in 2008, Bolivia in 2009 (and more recently Bhutan). (Barbey:

157) There ARE also countries that have given up having an army and therefore totally

renounce the possibility of waging a military conflict. Out of the 193 countries of the UN,

23 do not have an army, to this if one adds Holy See and the two territories in the

Pacific Ocean (Niue and the Cook Islands), the number rises to 26 countries without

armies. That comes one country out of eight in our present world does so by not

sustaining an army. (Barbey:158 -160). Many of these countries are “small countries

with great ideals”. Barbey shows that in addition to these 26 countries, there are other

countries which have very small armies. 70 countries in the world, almost third of all

countries, have armed forces with less than 20,000 persons and 20 of these countries

have less than one soldier per 10,000 inhabitants. (Barbey: 168-169) 14 countries have

fewer persons in their army than in the number of police in the Mauritius Special force,

that is, less than 1500.

Nonkilling Military


Gene Keyes in his essay in this volume: “To Give Life – Possibilities for a Nonkilling

Military” (Keyes 103-150) notes that Nonkilling military forces may seem a preposterous

contradiction in terms, but there have been, in the U.S. military, components with such

mottoes as: “That Others May Live” (air rescue); “Strive to Save Lives” (medevac); and

“Alone, Unarmed, Unafraid” (reconnaissance pilots). Keyes chapter is an update of his

Senior thesis prepared for Southern Illinois University, entitled,”Force Without Power”

that he wrote in 1971.

Keyes provides some anecdotal evidence. Decades ago Major-General Cândido

Rondon founded the Brazilian Indian Protection Service and gave it the motto: “Die if

Necessary, but Never Kill.” The 1948-49 Berlin Airlift is according to Keyes most famous

‘unviolent’ major campaign carried out by a military force.

He writes that the above examples “hint at an esprit de corps for a hypothetical military

service that spurns all weapons but one: courage”. He describes a working definition of

“Nonkilling Forces” to be: “Men and women effectively forming an entire military

command without weapons; well-equipped for mobility and logistics; trained to accept

casualties, never inflict them.” (Keyes: 103)

The distinction emphasized by Keyes is not of war and peace, but between killing and

dying. He postulates nonkilling militaries that could enter a war as well as prevent one;

and that could as he points can become “global first responders in world-class

catastrophes”. In all cases, “the essential duty of these unarmed services would be:

ever to give life, never to take it.”

To imagine nonkilling forces across the board, Keyes considers the following broad

questions: What can they do? Whose are they? What do they defend? (Keyes: 104-

105). His main focus is on what these military forces can do—their military mission.

Keyes considers a wide range of missions through peace, conflict, and war.

Peace Conflict War

1. Rescue Action 4. Friendly Persuasion 7. Defense

2. Civic Action 5. Police Action 8. Expeditionary Action

3. Colossal Action 6. Buffer Action 9. Invasion

For each of these categories Keyes in his paper provides several precedents and ideas

for potential areas where such deployment could be promising. I would recommend all

of you to read Keyes paper for his interesting case examples. It shows no end to

creative possibilities. The United Nations may be a logical birthplace for a Nonkilling

Military (e.g. a United Nations Emergency Force) , but just for the sake of argument,

Keyes says that a nonkilling military may be established by countries such as Costa


Rica or Canada; NATO or the Nordic Council; the US or the EU; ASEAN or the Arab


A retired Canadian air force colonel Paul Maillet writes: “The traditional military

approach to defense justification is made on a threat assessment on finding future

enemies or use of military conflict over global resource competitiveness; however, the

search for future enemies, hypothetical or realistic, all in concert with needing newer,

more expensive military technology does not seem viable or sustainable approach to

defence planning”. This is unfathomable “given the current nature of ethnic or

insurgency conflict, the crippling cost of military hardware, the pervasiveness of media

technology, growing economic constraints and an emerging awareness of other global

priorities, such as poverty, energy and climate issues.” Small gangs of insurgents and

militant radicals know now how to defeat/fatigue heavy conventional land armies and

superpowers. In light of these new security realities strategies of overselling, up-selling,

or cross-selling of expanding military budgets by Departments of Defense deserve

serious re-examination to find alternates to lethal and injudicious military interventions


Nonkilling Departments/Ministries of Peace and Security

Bhaneja’s essay in the volume describes the importance of the nonkilling institutionbuilding

as an example, through creation of Departments and Ministries of Peace and

Security at all levels of governments. (Bhaneja: 87-99)

There are presently four countries where Departments or Ministries of Peace have been

formed: the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction in Nepal (2007), the Ministry of

National Unity, Reconciliation and Peace in the Solomon Islands (2005), Ministry of

Justice and Peace in Costa Rica (2009) and more recently a Department of Peace in

Papua New Guinea. Two countries, Canada (2011) and the United States (2013) have

pending legislation for departments of peace. Additionally, there are violence

prevention peace structures being created in the Philippines, Ghana, Southern Sudan,

and Spain. Each of these institutional formulations developed by the governments

address a specific peacebuilding need whether this be a reconciliation of feuding local

communities, safeguarding of human rights, economic development, or building a

culture of peace through peace education and nonviolent resolution of conflicts etc.

A significant component of the proposed Canadian peace department legislation is the

building of a sizeable civil peace service, 500 to 800 peace specialists trained and ready

for deployment for prevention, mediation and reconciliation of disputes at home and

abroad. Currently, the expertise at the nation-state level in most countries is limited to

“suits and boots” – suits the diplomats, talk to other suits, while the boots, the soldiers

on the ground face other soldiers as our first responders finding solutions to problems of


conflict which starts with readiness to kill or imprison the enemy that has surrendered. In

this scenario, there is little room for credible non-military or civil peace expertise to

explore possibilities of prevention, mediation and reconciliation.

The Global Alliance for Ministries and Infrastructures for Peace (GAMIP) – formerly the

Global Alliance for Ministries and Departments of Peace- was created in London in

2005 to encourage and support the civil society movement worldwide for departments of

peace and to highlight specific peacebuilding interests of the host country. (Visit:

<>.) It has convened global summits in six countries on five

continents. Following the U.K. meeting, summits were held in Canada in 2006, Japan in

2008, Costa Rica in 2009 and South Africa in 2011. GAMIP is currently based in

Geneva, Switzerland where the Sixth Global Summit took place in September 2013.

The Geneva Summit was attended by 160 participants representing 55 countries from

all corners of the globe.

It is not too early for any of us to think big, and to speculate in detail on these

contingencies, hoping to offer possibilities for superseding one of the worst things

humanity has ever committed itself to: war. (Keyes:142-143). The nonkilling security

could be a social invention, a political instrument in a world still afflicted by deadly power

conflicts, occasional genocide, structural violence, natural disasters, ecological trauma,

nuclear roulette, and the military habits of millennia. Keyes points out that it might well

be acquired as “a deliberate initiative, or through unforeseen mutation, or evolution, by

polities that had the vision or nerve or serendipity to do so.” (Keyes:104)

A deeper study of the countries with new infrastructures of peace without armies and

no-war provision in their Constitutions can help us to understand the immense strategic

value in how steps towards non militarisation in these countries has impacted for

example the steady economic growth and modernization from a small state like Costa

Rica to positive impact on major industrial powers such as post-war Germany and

Japan that have benefitted economically by their Constitutionally mandated limited

military capabilities.

When it comes to Culture of Peace, both rich and poor nations are at ground zero.

WHO 2002 “World Report on Violence and Health” provides a substantive global

snapshot of the epidemic of violence. Its main conclusion is that such human violence

(homicide, suicide, and war-related) is a “preventable disease”. For any violence

prevention as Paige has pointed out, “we need to understand the processes of cause

and effect, however complex and interdependent” they may be. An educational task

needs to be also aimed at the citizenry that exposes the long chain to killing along the

lines depicted by Paige (Summy, Paige: 61). Summy notes that the road to killing

originates in the notion of ‘power over’ of the schoolyard bully, the training of the high


school football team to hit the opponent harder and harder, the schooling of children

that the name of life’s game is winning at all costs (even if it means skirting the rules at

times), the size of military budgets in comparison to the money spent on our most

valuable commodity (our children), the military regalia on display in schools, the

lionizing of military heroes, and the introduction into schools of cadet units.

Prevention of violence at the local, national, regional and global level has to be one of

the top objectives of any governance system. We have to recognize that for global and

national peace and security, our current approaches are inadequate, and require

alternative approaches to prevention and solutions. These have to be done through

shifting concepts of “power over” to “power with” and transmitting “power to” citizenary.

(Summy: 36)

In modern times, the problem of violence prevention transcends the notion of a nationstate.

This may require on part of sovereign state to experience loss of its authority and

power, both externally and internally. (Jiang: 396) R2P is an effort in that direction

however its use in the recent past has been questionable with serious concerns raised

about whether the actions of USA and NATO in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya enhanced

or diminished the role of United Nations? Without any real effort on genuine violence

prevention by R2P proponents at all levels of society and governance, R2P will continue

to be seen by many with suspicion as an expedient tool of encroachment on a nationstate’s

sovereignty by veto holding powerful members of the UN and their supporters.

These members will have to be respectful and sensitive to the UN, otherwise the UN

may meet the same fate as the League of Nations and the Kellog-Briand Pact.

The progress toward nonkilling security is ultimately tied to building, accepting, and

diffusing primarily a global Nonkilling Ethic which accepts that it is every human’s

fundamental right ‘Not to Kill’ and ‘Not to be killed’. As Life is prerequisite for everything,

every other human value becomes secondary to Nonkilling as that defines our existence

from our Alpha to Omega.



Maillet, Paul, “2013 Defence Matters: A Canadian Appreciation”, Submission made July 2013 to a NATO

commissioned research project on defence views in NATO national governments and their voters.

WHO Violence and Health (compiled by Joám Evans Pim), Center for Global Nonkilling, 2009, online at

[For free download or for ordering a hard copy of the book, “Nonkilling Security and the State” by Joám

Evans Pim (ed.), visit ]


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